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2015

Perú

Pachamama

INTRODUCTION

Entrelazado por caminos que unen a comunidades a través de la geografía y la historia, Perú se jacta de un paisaje vertical deslumbrante que integra a una gama de ecosistemas y culturas.

Perú es uno de los países con más biodiversidad en el mundo; su territorio contiene noventa microclimas con extremas diferencias de altitud. La costa, la selva tropical, y la región montañosa producen recursos abundantes, que incluyen principales productos para la exportación como pescado, cobre, y espárragos. Muchas de sus áreas cultural e históricamente significativas, son destinos turísticos populares que comprenden historias elaboradas complejas.

La diversidad particular del Perú radica en la conectividad de su paisaje formado por ríos, caminos y senderos que existen desde mucho antes del imperio incaico (siglos XV y XVI) y la colonización española (siglo XVI al XIX). Las comunidades intercambian productos y tradiciones a través de diferentes altitudes y climas, moldeando las costumbres y celebraciones cotidianas profundamente enraizadas aunque en constante transformación. La afluencia y el movimiento de personas dentro y fuera de las fronteras también influencian y transforman estos intercambios.

El programa de Perú presentó proyectos, organizaciones, y grupos cuyas expresiones culturales hacen que resalten estos intercambios sociales, culturales, y económicos. Demostró cómo estas redes de celebraciones y comunidades, cultivos y mercados, textiles y artesanías, prácticas alimenticias y tecnologías, así como la música y el baile forjan el diverso patrimonio cultural del país.

El público del Festival pudo vivir estas singulares conexiones a través de demostraciones de comida y artesanías, representaciones de música y baile, discusiones moderadas, rituales y procesiones, y otras actividades participativas. Además, los peruanos que han emigrado y las comunidades peruano americanas tuvieron una fuerte participación. El público tuvo la oportunidad de aprender, comer, bailar, comprar, y de ser testigos de estas vibrantes culturas conectadas para hacer sus propias conexiones con artistas y especialistas peruanos, más allá de la Alameda Nacional.

El Programa Perú: Pachamama fue copatrocinado por el Ministerio de Comercio Exterior y Turismo de la Republica de Perú (MINCETUR) y se presentó en asociación con el Servicio Nacional de Parques.

Crisscrossed with paths connecting communities across geography and history, Peru boasts a stunning vertical landscape that integrates a diversity of ecosystems and cultures. Peru is one of the world’s most biodiverse nations, containing ninety microclimates across extreme variances of altitude. The coastal, rain-forested, and mountainous environments provide abundant resources, including major exports such as fish, copper, and asparagus. Many culturally and historically significant areas are popular tourist destinations that encompass complex layered histories.

The uniqueness of Peru’s diversity lies in the connectedness of its landscape in the form of rivers, roads, and pathways that existed long before the Inka Empire (fifteenth–sixteenth centuries) and Spanish colonization (sixteenth–nineteenth centuries). Across its different altitudes and climates, communities exchange commodities and practices, shaping deeply rooted but constantly changing daily customs and celebrations. The influx and movement of people between and beyond borders also influence and transform these exchanges.

The 2015 Peru program featured projects, organizations, and groups whose cultural expressions highlight these social, cultural, and economic exchanges. It demonstrated how the networks of celebration and community, crops and markets, textile and craft production, foodways and technology, and music and dance forge the diverse cultural heritage of the country.

Visitors to the Peru Festival program could experience these unique connections through cooking and craft demonstrations, music and dance performances, moderated discussions, ritual and celebratory processions, and other participatory activities. In addition, there was a robust involvement with Peruvian American and diaspora communities. The public had the opportunity to learn, to eat, to dance, to shop, to witness these vibrantly connected cultures, and to create their own connections with Peruvian artists and specialists on the National Mall and beyond.

Olivia Cadaval and Cristina Díaz-Carrera were Curators for the Smithsonian; Rafael Varón Gabai was Curator and Consultant to MINCETUR. Valentina Pilonieta-Vera was Program Coordinator; Alexia Fawcett was Community Engagement Manager, and Betty Belanus was Family Activities Curator. A Curatorial Advisory Committee included: Madeleine Burns, Marjorie Hunt, Mary Linn, Luis Guillermo Lumbreras, Giancarlo Marcone, Soledad Mujica, Diana N’Diaye, Luis Repetto, Marcela Ríos, Daniel Sheehy, Jorge Ortiz Sotelo, Milagritos Saldarriaga, Francisco Tumi, and Madeleine Zúñiga. A Community Advisory Group included: Catherine Cabel Chicas, Nelly Carrión, Billy Castillo, Kristy Chavez-Fernandez, Fabiana Chiu- Rinaldi, María del Carmen Cossu, Miguel García, Elmer Huerta, Vicky Leyva, Doris Loayza, Ana Noriega, Elena Tscherny, and Ricardo Villanueva.

The program was co-presented and co-sponsored by the Republic of Peru Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism (MINCETUR). Additional support was provided by the staff of the Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian, directed by Kevin Gover (Pawnee), coordinated by Amy Van Allen; Washington Dulles international Airport and the Smithsonian's National Museum of African American History and Culture. The program received federal support from the Latino Initiatives Pool, administered by the Smithsonian Latino Center. Special media support is provided by Telemundo Washington DC, BrightestYoungThings.com, Latin Opinion Baltimore Newspaper, Orange Barrel Media, WAMU 88.5, El Tiempo Latino, Washington Hispanic, Washington Blade, El Tiempo Hìspano (MD-DE-PA), CTM Media Group, El Zol 107.9, Digital Conventions, and Greater Washington Hispanic Chamber of Commerce. Support for the Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage's welcoming ceremony was provided, in part, by Avocados From Peru and Pisco Portón (in-kind).


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